Cardiovascular Disease

Faster eGFR Decline Predicts Worse Outcomes in CKD Patients with AF

Faster eGFR Decline Predicts Worse Outcomes in CKD Patients with AF

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Longitudinal renal function trajectories may enable more individualized prediction of adverse outcomes, researchers conclude.

Higher Push-Up Capacity Linked to Lower Incidence of CVD Events

Higher Push-Up Capacity Linked to Lower Incidence of CVD Events

Significant negative association identified in male firefighters who were followed for 10 years

Burden of Sudden Cardiac Death Higher in Black Men, Women

Burden of Sudden Cardiac Death Higher in Black Men, Women

Known factors explain 65.3% of excess SCD risk in African-Americans, especially women

Hyperkalemia Worsens Outcomes in Elderly Patients Hospitalized for HF

Hyperkalemia Worsens Outcomes in Elderly Patients Hospitalized for HF

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Elderly patients hospitalized for heart failure who have high serum potassium levels at admission are at increased risk of readmission for heart failure and death.

Dialysis Staff-Initiated CPR Ups Outcomes in Cardiac Arrest

Dialysis Staff-Initiated CPR Ups Outcomes in Cardiac Arrest

Staff-initiated CPR linked to increase in hospital discharge, favorable neurologic status on discharge.

Spironolactone Has No Effect on LVM in Hemodialysis Patients

Spironolactone Has No Effect on LVM in Hemodialysis Patients

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Patients treated with the mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist had a higher frequency of moderate hyperkalemia compared with placebo recipients.

Spot Urine Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Predicts Stroke Risk

Spot Urine Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Predicts Stroke Risk

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Data from a recent study could be useful for future public health interventions, according to investigators.

AHA: Nearly Half of US Adults Have Cardiovascular Disease

AHA: Nearly Half of US Adults Have Cardiovascular Disease

Forty-six percent of US adults have hypertension

Hyperkalemia Link With Brugada Syndrome ECG Characterized

Hyperkalemia Link With Brugada Syndrome ECG Characterized

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In patients with severe hyperkalemia, the Brugada syndrome ECG phenotype is associated with a high prevalence of malignant arrhythmias and all-cause mortality.

Aspirin Linked to Lower Risk for CV Events in Primary Prevention

Aspirin Linked to Lower Risk for CV Events in Primary Prevention

Based on data from 13 trials with 164,225 participants, increased risk for major bleeding also noted.

FDA Investigating Paclitaxel Balloons and Stents

FDA Investigating Paclitaxel Balloons and Stents

Investigation triggered by meta-analysis showing possible increased mortality in PAD patients at 2 years

Statins Underused by Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease

Statins Underused by Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease

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Although a 2013 guideline recommended statin use to more than 65% of adults with CKD, only about 36% of adults with CKD were taking a statin in 2011-2014.

Short Sleep Duration Linked to Higher Atherosclerotic Burden

Short Sleep Duration Linked to Higher Atherosclerotic Burden

Fragmented sleep linked to higher prevalence of multiple affected noncoronary territiories.

Coronary Artery Calcium May Help Predict CVD in South Asians

Coronary Artery Calcium May Help Predict CVD in South Asians

CAC incidence similar in South Asian men versus white, black, Latino men; higher than Chinese

High Uric Acid May Up Cardiovascular Mortality in CKD

High Uric Acid May Up Cardiovascular Mortality in CKD

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In a meta-analysis, the risk for cardiovascular mortality increased a significant 12% for every 1 mg/dL increase in uric acid.

Testosterone Use Remains High Among Men With Coronary Artery Disease

Testosterone Use Remains High Among Men With Coronary Artery Disease

Despite research suggesting that there may be increased cardiovascular risk from off-label prescription testosterone use, usage in men with coronary artery disease remains higher than in men without coronary artery disease.

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

Reduction in risk for range of critical outcomes greatest for daily dietary fiber intake of 25 to 29 g.

Employment, Earning Losses Noted After Cardiovascular Events

Employment, Earning Losses Noted After Cardiovascular Events

Fewer patients admitted to hospital for MI, cardiac arrest, stroke working at 3 years postevent

Costs Higher for Those With Comorbid Noncommunicable Diseases

Costs Higher for Those With Comorbid Noncommunicable Diseases

Health expenditure greater for person with 2 diseases simultaneously than for the diseases separately.

High Sodium Intake Associated With New Atrial Fibrillation

High Sodium Intake Associated With New Atrial Fibrillation

Cumulative proportional probability for AF events greatest for those in the highest quartile of salt intake

Second-Line Antidiabetic Meds May Impact Cardiovascular Risk

Second-Line Antidiabetic Meds May Impact Cardiovascular Risk

Cardiovascular risk increased with sulfonylureas and basal insulin versus newer classes of ADM

Emotional Stress of Holidays Can Trigger Heart Attacks

Emotional Stress of Holidays Can Trigger Heart Attacks

Higher risk seen on Christmas Eve, particularly in older adults with diabetes, heart disease

Dyskalemia Common in Heart Failure

Dyskalemia Common in Heart Failure

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Sex, high and low baseline potassium levels, and reduced renal function independently predict hyper- and hypokalemia in patients with heart failure.

Adherence and Intensity of Lipid-Lowering Tx Influence CV Risk

Adherence and Intensity of Lipid-Lowering Tx Influence CV Risk

Lowest risk seen for adherent patients receiving high-intensity statin and/or ezetimibe regimen

VDRAs Do Not Lower Cardiovascular Event Risk in HD

VDRAs Do Not Lower Cardiovascular Event Risk in HD

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Trial results do not support use of vitamin D receptor activators to prevent cardiovascular events in patients with end-stage renal disease and low intact parathyroid hormone levels.

AHA Scientific Statement: Low Risk of Side Effects for Statins

AHA Scientific Statement: Low Risk of Side Effects for Statins

Risk for statin-induced serious muscle injury 0.1 percent, newly diagnosed diabetes 0.2%

Skin Autofluorescence Predicts T2DM, Heart Disease, Mortality

Skin Autofluorescence Predicts T2DM, Heart Disease, Mortality

Prediction independent of traditional risk factors such as MetS, glucose, HbA1c in general population

Younger Patients Account for Increasing Proportion of AMI

Younger Patients Account for Increasing Proportion of AMI

Increase especially great among women, who were less likely to receive guideline-based treatment.

Several Risk Factors More Strongly Linked to MI in Women

Several Risk Factors More Strongly Linked to MI in Women

Blood pressure, smoking, type 1 and 2 diabetes linked to higher hazard ratios for women than men

Certain SGLT2 Inhibitors, GLP-1 RAs for T2DM Also Cut CV Risk

Certain SGLT2 Inhibitors, GLP-1 RAs for T2DM Also Cut CV Risk

Report provides guidance on reducing CV risk in patients with T2DM and atherosclerotic CV disease

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