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Prostate Cancer Prostate Cancer Risk After Single Negative Biopsy Quantified

Prostate Cancer Risk After Single Negative Biopsy Quantified

Men with a single negative prostate biopsy have a 20-year cumulative rate of prostate cancer diagnosis of 23.7%.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Faster eGFR Decline Predicts Worse Outcomes in CKD Patients with AF

Faster eGFR Decline Predicts Worse Outcomes in CKD Patients with AF

Longitudinal renal function trajectories may enable more individualized prediction of adverse outcomes, researchers conclude.

Acute Kidney Injury Factors Predicting Withdrawal From RRT for AKI Identified

Factors Predicting Withdrawal From RRT for AKI Identified

Chronic kidney disease, ventilator use, hypoalbuminemia, and higher mean arterial pressure increase the likelihood of withdrawal from renal replacement therapy for acute kidney injury.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) CKD Progression Tied to Low Potassium Excretion

CKD Progression Tied to Low Potassium Excretion

In a study of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), those in the lowest vs highest quartile of 24-hour urinary potassium excretion had a 3-fold increased risk of CKD progression.

Prostate Cancer Online Calculator May Aid In Individualizing Prostate Cancer Care

Online Calculator May Aid In Individualizing Prostate Cancer Care

New tool promises to help patients decide whether radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy is their best treatment option.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) Fosfomycin Promising for Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

Fosfomycin Promising for Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

Findings from a small study suggest it could be an effective, safe, and attractive alternative to fluoroquinolones, bacterial resistance to which is becoming increasingly prevalent.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Kidney Stones Predict Osteoporotic Fracture in CKD

Kidney Stones Predict Osteoporotic Fracture in CKD

In a new study of patients with chronic kidney disease, the presence of kidney stones, compared with their absence, was significantly associated with a 2.3-fold increased risk of osteoporotic fracture.

Practice Management Better Communication Cuts Down on Surgery-Related Deaths

Better Communication Cuts Down on Surgery-Related Deaths

South Carolina hospitals use a checklist to increase safety in the operating room.

Hemodialysis Sertraline Outperforms CBT for Depression in Hemodialysis Patients

Sertraline Outperforms CBT for Depression in Hemodialysis Patients

In a randomized trial, sertraline eased depressive symptoms better than cognitive behavioral therapy in patients on maintenance hemodialysis.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Improper Patient Selection for NSS May Increase CKD Risk

Improper Patient Selection for NSS May Increase CKD Risk

In a study, chronic kidney disease was nearly twice as likely to develop in patients who had post-operative complications following nephron-sparing surgery.

Acute Kidney Injury Kidney Damage Tied to Proton Pump Inhibitors

Kidney Damage Tied to Proton Pump Inhibitors

A large retrospective study found that the acid-suppressing medications increase the risk of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease.

Diabetic Nephropathy Higher Glucose Levels At Dialysis Transition Increase Mortality Risk

Higher Glucose Levels At Dialysis Transition Increase Mortality Risk

New findings suggest that diabetic patients with advanced chronic kidney disease may need different glucose control strategies depending on whether or not they are transitioning to dialysis.

Hemodialysis Statin Use Common in Veterans on Maintenance Dialysis

Statin Use Common in Veterans on Maintenance Dialysis

More than half of US veterans with dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease are statin medications, about one-third receiving high doses of the drugs.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) Study Supports Once-Daily Plazomicin Use for Complicated UTIs

Study Supports Once-Daily Plazomicin Use for Complicated UTIs

Investigators observe higher rates of clinical cure or microbiologic eradication in patients treated with plazomicin vs meropenem, including those with infections due to Enterobacteriaceae not susceptible to aminoglycosides.

Prostate Cancer Prednisone to Blame for ERA 223 Trial Failure?

Prednisone to Blame for ERA 223 Trial Failure?

The authors of a recent editorial offer an explanation for why radium-223 used in combination with abiraterone and prednisone did not lower the risk of symptomatic skeletal events and death among men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Clinicians Somewhat Favor Shared Decision-Making in Older mCRPC Patients

Clinicians Somewhat Favor Shared Decision-Making in Older mCRPC Patients

This survey assessed the opinions of oncologists, urologists, and oncology nurses on the use of shared decision-making in older men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Higher Push-Up Capacity Linked to Lower Incidence of CVD Events

Higher Push-Up Capacity Linked to Lower Incidence of CVD Events

Significant negative association identified in male firefighters who were followed for 10 years

Genitourinary Cancers Symposium Pembrolizumab Shows Promise for BCG-Unresponsive Bladder Cancer

Pembrolizumab Shows Promise for BCG-Unresponsive Bladder Cancer

Pembrolizumab, a PD-1 inhibitor, demonstrated antitumor activity in patients with high-risk BCG-unresponsive carcinoma in situ.

Genitourinary Cancers Symposium Radical Cystectomy Superior to Trimodal Therapy for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

Radical Cystectomy Superior to Trimodal Therapy for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

Trimodal therapy for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer is associated with worse cancer-specific and overall survival and higher costs compared with radical cystectomy.

Hemodialysis Dialysis and Transplant Patients at Increased Risk for Cancer Death

Dialysis and Transplant Patients at Increased Risk for Cancer Death

Dialysis patients were more likely than transplant recipients to die from pre-existing cancers, whereas transplant recipients were more likely to die from de novo cancers.

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